Pragmatic language evaluation methods will be discussed, starting with how best to state and prioritize goals when completing an evaluation and establishing a plan of care. The session will continue with implementation of video modeling in traditional school environments, specifically the use of pre-made videos and discussion of how to create videos. Examples of well made and poorly made videos will be shown to exemplify what it takes to provide a quality learning tool.
Presenters will review case studies where therapists implemented video modeling in pragmatic language therapy and the outcomes for individual students. Positive and negative components of intervention cases will be explored, as well as commentaries from parents, students and professionals who were involved.
The session will continue with an outline and examples of how best to dissect videos created or used with students. A hierarchy will be outlined in order of skills to systematically break down the various social components of each situation. The beginning levels will focus on teaching vocabulary in each social scenario. Therefore, allowing students to select from choices given to demonstrate awareness of core social interactions and language. As the interaction become more intricate, students will be asked to determine emotions and feelings expressed supported by vocabulary and by nonverbal and verbal language cues. Nonverbal language will be targeted by highlighting contextual cues in the social scenarios and learning what inferences can be made from each social situation. Students can then determine what characters in videos are thinking, feeling or saying by actions, intonation, prosody, etc. At the more complex level, students are asked to compare and contrast similar video scenarios to determine the most acceptable pragmatic language and behavior in a given situation. Because social awareness is so subjective, this allows students to make a detailed analysis of the better versus the best outcome. Finally as the videos become multifaceted, students are allowed to expand their expressive and receptive language skills to determine outcomes of social situations explored. They will also devise ways to use critical thinking tasks to break apart social behavior and language at very high levels.
All levels will be paired with suggested motivational reinforcing activities to engage students and maintain their focus and attention to the tasks involved. Strengths and weaknesses of different modalities of video delivery systems will be discussed and outcomes of each explored. The ability to collect data and monitor goals depending on students’ achievements will be included.
Presenter will then review the application of the video modeling outline to expansion and generalization of goals addressed. Systematic use and fading of visual and auditory supports will be explained in order for students to maintain and carry over skills, learned with videos, to natural environments. Case studies will be reviewed of students who have attempted to carry over skills learned through video modeling into their everyday lives. Specific research examples to support the above stated outline and concepts will be compared and reviewed.
Finally, presenters will discuss the practical application, implementation and generalization of video modeling into traditional pragmatic therapy models, concluding with how therapists can manage time and maximize available video stimuli to best meet a caseload of students’ needs and goals.
Jennifer Jacobs, M.S., CCC-SLP
Jennifer Jacobs is a speech-language pathologist who found success in the use of video modeling and developed an interactive video curriculum for therapists. Jennifer continues to assist in research and develop effective approaches of integrating technology and video modeling into social communication therapy.